By juegoadmin | Game Development | January 21st, 2021

A guide to the top coding languages for games

Crucial component:

Game development is a process that involves many stages starting from developing the prototype of the game to the testing stage before its launch. Once the game’s initial design is finalized, the coding language of a game is chosen which is critical for a game’s success.

Different priorities:

Many games are not written exclusively in one coding language. It may combine two or more languages. Coding language priorities can differ from gaming consoles to online video games to desktop-based games. Some of the developers have created custom languages for their games.

Top coding languages for Games:

Juego Studios can provide expert advice when it comes to choosing the right coding language for games. Top coding languages for game development are listed below:

1. C++:

C++ is simply an extension of the C programming language with added features like OOP or Object-Oriented Programming. C++ has a fast running time. This is owing to its ability to control low-level system components. It is platform-independent and has better memory management, broad libraries, high scalability, strong compilers, and enhancers. It can be deployed for both small and large game development and will have better control over game performance.

Some of the game engines and frameworks using the C++ language are Unreal Engine, Godot, Cocos, Simple, and Fast Media Library (SFML). Some of the popular games using C++ includes The Witcher 3, Counter-Strike, Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, Gears 5, and Dark Souls.

2. Java:

Created as an OOP language for computer programming in general, Java finds its usage in game development too. A large number of desktop games, mobile games, and apps are made with Java. It is one of the most sought-after programming languages when it comes to Android devices. It effectively uses modern technologies and is suitable for server development. It can help create multiplayer games easily by enhancing game performance.

Some of the game engines and frameworks using Java coding language are libGDX, Lightweight Java Game Library (LWJGL), LITIengine, and jMonkeyEngine. FIFA 11, Project Zomboid, Minecraft, and RuneScape are some of the popular games using Java coding language.

3. C#:

It is a programming language with multiple paradigms, covering object-oriented and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was created to work with the .NET framework. Due to the scalability and relative efficiency of C#, the gaming industry took an interest. So much so that, C# became the Unity game engine’s default programming language.

The automatic memory management feature of C# enables developers to focus more on other aspects of game development. It is a language that is type-safe enabling more security and less deviant game behavior. It is cross-platform compliant and is the most preferred choice when it comes to game development on Windows PCs.

Some of the popular games developed with C# are Hearthstone, Stardew Valley, Cuphead, and Osiris: New Dawn. Unity, CryEngine, Godot, Microsoft XNA Game Studio, and Stride are some of the game engines and frameworks using C# coding language.

4. JavaScript:

It is a high-level, multi-paradigm programming language conforming to the ECMAScript for standardizing the web and web browsers. For interactive online games, JavaScript is one of the best programming languages. The JavaScript code integrates with conventionally used web technologies such as HTML and CSS. This has led to an increase in the development of cross-platform mobile games.

Since HTML5 on its own cannot create interactivity or animation, it has to be supported by JavaScript. They can help create less resource-intensive browser-based and mobile-based games that are easier to share.

Phaser, Babylon.js, PixiJS, and GDevelop are some of the game engines and frameworks using JavaScript. Some of the popular games made with JavaScript are CrossCode, Miner Dash, HexGL, and Gods Will Be Watching.

5. HTML5:

If you are making games for web browsers emphasizing user experience, HTML5 is a necessity. It has become one of the common game programming languages for the web. By blending HTML5 with JavaScript one can create highly complex web-based games with improved interactivity and graphics.

Some popular games made with HTML5 coding language alone are CrossCode, HexGL, Treasure Arena, Sketchout, and Bejeweled. Some of the HTML5 based game engines are Three.js, Babylon.js, Phaser, and PlayCanvas WebGL game engine.

6. Python:

This interpreted and high-level programming language was designed to enhance the readability of humans/users through the usage of indentation and whitespace. It can easily break down complex targets.

It offers the OOP technique on a full-fledged basis to all developers. The ability of the Pygame framework, developed by Python, lets developers prototype the games faster.

Some of the popular video games created using Python coding language are Battlefield 2, Disney’s Toon town online, Civilization IV, Freedom Force, etc. Game engines using Python language are Pygame, pyglet, Kivy, Unity, Cocos2d, and Panda3d.

7. Lua:

Lua, a light weight-high-level-multi paradigm coding language can be designed to embed into many other applications. This is done for the convenience of original developers and players who wish to alter the game. The language structure and the syntax of Lua are simply leading to its popularity. Game engines like CryEngine, Gideros mobile and Corona SDK employ Lua as their primary programming language when it comes to game design.

Angry birds, Roblox, World of Warcraft are some of the popular games using the Lua coding language.

Other honorable mentions:

Papyrus is one of the new game programming languages. A scripting system that makes use of advanced programming techniques, Papyrus powers games like Fallout 4 and The Elder Scrolls: Skyrim. Creation Engine, the 3d video game engine, by Bethesda uses Papyrus language widely.

UnrealScript is a scripting language native to the Unreal engine. It supports complex features like multiple inheritances and programming which is object-oriented. Major gaming platforms like Microsoft Windows, Playstation VR, Android, and Linux use UnrealScript. Popular games like Devil May Cry, Fortnite, and Arkham City are fueled by UnrealScript.

CSS3 and SQL: CSS3 and SQL fall in the category of web languages like JavaScript and HTML5. CSS3 provides visual display elements to a web page. Back-end database work is managed by SQL. This enables smooth access of their accounts for players and lets them do different things on the server.


The choice of a coding language for a game can be decided by the ambitions of the game. An expert in the field of game development such as Juego Studios can help you decide the best coding language based on the right technologies and tools based on the requirement of your game technically. Juego Studios is the right place to find the right game development experts.